Police departments patrol people of color rather than “protect and serve”. Too many black people no matter their station in life are treated with disregard and disrespect by too many officers. Prime example is how a state several black senators and a black mayor were pepper sprayed in the latest riots responding to the modern-day lynching of George Floyd in Minneapolis.
“The endemic nature of white supremacy rallies against the progression to a contemporary society with ageless principles. Instead they expend energy promulgating an ethnostate ideology. They are still fighting the lost cause of the civil war”. – James Frasure
The backdrop of this section reveals the Portland, Oregon July 2020 protest; where Trump ordered secret police surfaces to detain and kidnap protesters at the rebuke of the Oregon governor and mayor of Portland.
HISTORY IN BRIEF
The logic of the slave patrol: the fantasy of black predatory violence and the use of force by the police.
Similar to England, Colonial America experienced an increase in population in major cities during the 1700.
Some of these cities began to see an influx of immigrant groups moving in from various countries
(including Germany, Ireland, Italy, and several Scandinavian countries), which directly contributed to the
rapid increase in population. The growth in population also created an increase in social disorder and
The sources of social tension varied across different regions of Colonial America; however, the introduction of new racial and ethnic groups was identified as a common source of discord. Racial and ethnic
conflict was a problem across Colonial America, including both the northern and southern regions of the country.
Since the watch groups could no longer cope with this change in the social climate, more formalized means of policing began to take shape. Most of the historical literature describing the early development of policing in Colonial America focuses specifically on the northern regions of the country while neglecting events that took place in the southern region—specifically, the creation of slave patrols in the South.
Slave patrols first emerged in South Carolina in the early 1700s, but historical documents also identify the existence of slave patrols in most other parts of the southern region (refer to the Reichel article
included at the end of this section). Samuel Walker identified slave patrols as the first publicly funded police agencies in the American South. Slave patrols (or “paddyrollers”) were created to manage the racebased conflict occurring in the southern region of Colonial America; these patrols were created with the specific intent of maintaining control over slave populations.
Interestingly, slave patrols would later extend their responsibilities to include control over White indentured servants. Salley Hadden identified three principal duties placed on slave patrols in the South during this time, including searches of slave lodges, keeping slaves off of roadways, and disassembling meetings organized by groups of slaves.
The History of the Police patrols were known for their high level of brutality and ruthlessness as they maintained control over the slave population. The members of slave patrols were usually White males (occasionally a few women) from every echelon in the social strata, ranging from very poor individuals to plantation owners that wanted to ensure control over their slaves.
Slave patrols remained in place during the Civil War and were not completely disbanded after slavery ended. During early Reconstruction, several groups merged with what was formerly known as slave patrols to maintain control over African American citizens. Groups such as the federal military, the state militia, and the Ku Klux Klan took over the responsibilities of earlier slave patrols and were known to be even more violent than their predecessors.
Over time, these groups began to resemble and operate similar to some of the newly established police departments in the United States. In fact, David Barlow and Melissa Barlow noted that “by 1837, the Charleston Police Department had 100 officers and the primary function of this organization was slave patrol . . . these officers regulated the movements of slaves and free blacks, checking documents, enforcing slave codes, guarding against slave revolts and catching runaway slaves.”
Scholars and historians assert that the transition from slave patrols to publicly funded police agencies was
seamless in the southern region of the United States.